The Nifty Fifty is a mini-guide to the birds of Pennsylvania. The trachea is 6 inches long, rather slender, its breadth at the top3 twelfths, at the lower part 2 1/2 twelfths. Feet yellowish-grey.Upper part of the head and hind part of the neck bright yellowish-red.Back rich chestnut, marked with oblong white spots, margined with black.Upper wing-coverts similar to the back. Enacted by the General Assembly on October 2, 1959; State Beverage: Milk. The first State Flag bearing the State Coat of Arms was authorized by the General Assembly in 1799. © 2020 Powered by Digital Properties, LLC. Source | Reference Links | Additional Resources, Ruffed Grouse: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; All About Birds, Pennsylvania's State Symbols (pdf): PA Senate R. On the ground, where the Ruffed Grouse spends a large portion of itstime, its motions are peculiarly graceful. They are particularly fond of fox-grapes and winter-grapes,as well as strawberries and dewberries. I have observed this speciescopulating towards autumn, but have not been able to account for this unseasonableprocedure, as only one brood is raised in the season. The mountainous parts of the Middle States being more usually the chosenresidence of this species, I shall, with your permission, kind reader,return to them, and try to give you an account of this valuable Grouse. Should theGrouse, however, run into a thicket, or even over a place where many driedleaves lie on the ground, it suddenly stops, squats, and remains closeuntil the danger is over, or until it is forced by a dog or the sportsmanhimself to rise against its wish. Pennsylvania's State Flag is composed of a blue field on which is embroidered the State Coat of Arms. As the season advances, the drummingis repeated more frequently at all hours of the day; and where these birdsare abundant, this curious sound is heard from all parts of the woods inwhich they reside. The Pennsylvania ruffled grouse, sometimes called the partridge, was declared the state bird by the PA General Assembly on June 22, 1931. They are able to fly for a few yards at a time, when only sixor seven days old, and still very small. Amer.,vol. Theyoung birds often prove equally difficult to be obtained, for as they areraised from amongst the closely tangled laurels, they only fly a few yards,and again drop among them. About the beginning of May, the female retires to some thicket in aclose part of the woods, where she forms a nest. Read on to find out more about our state symbols. Nostrilsconcealed among the feathers. Pole-cats, weasels, racoons, opossums,and foxes, are all destructive foes to them. Official state symbols, emblems, and icons of Pennsylvania - places to see in Pennsylvania - landmarks, parks, historic markers, cities and towns - learn the culture and history of Pennsylvania! A relative of turkeys, quail, and pheasants, the ruffed grouse is found across much of North America, particularly in very cold areas. Birds molt their feathers, young to adult plumage or winter to spring plumage. Depending on the time of year they can look very different. Article by The Story of Santa's Birds. i. p. 211;vol.v. TETRAO UMBELLUS, Linn. Enacted by the General Assembly on April 29, 1982; State Bird: Ruffed Grouse. In Pennsylvania, Audubon’s actions strive to identify and conserve our highest priority and most threatened bird species and habitats. Pennsylvania 2013 Population (Estimate): 12,773,801. The ruffed grouse served as the official game bird of Pennsylvania before it was adopted as the state bird. Pennsylvania has many official “mascots.”Each of these symbols is connected to history, honors a native species, or recognizes a product of importance to Pennsylvania’s economy.