Saffron Crocus (Crocus sativus) brightens up fall with soft lilac-violet flowers. Apart from Greece, the credit to its extension to the other parts of the world such as in Eurasia goes to genetic monomorphic cloning. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "RHS Plantfinder - Colchicum autumnale 'Nancy Lindsay, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colchicum_autumnale&oldid=994045825, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Autumn Bulbs by Roy Leeds (B.T. How to Grow Saffron. They will return the favor by sprouting quickly and showing off their pretty flowers. Find a sunny, well-drained spot and plant them in a group as soon as you receive them in late August or September. Pick the stigmas with your fingers and take them indoors to dry in a warm … In recent years, the spice, saffron, has become increasingly expensive, (often as high as $70 oz.) Flowers close at night and open up in the morning. Delicious in rice and soups. Fall TIPS & MAINTENANCE: You can plant saffron crocus or grow it in containers in colder or warmer climates. It is unknown in the wild and is a product of 3500 years of selective breeding by several different civilizations. It is a fall-blooming crocus and easy to grow. They'll sprout foliage in the spring but it's in the fall that they flower and produce their valuable bounty. … Plant them as soon as possible after receiving them. Lilac, orange stems. FALL-BLOOMING CROCUS. Plant saffron crocuses in the early fall to produce flowers later in the season. We rarely think of bulbs as edible, but this showy fall-blooming Crocus is the source of saffron, the quintessential seasoning for paella and other dishes from the Mediterranean and Asia. The leaves are grass-like, generally with a light stripe running up the middle. , Detail of flower at the United States Botanic Gardens, Colchicum autumnale Limana, (Valmorel), Italy, Colchicum autumnale in a meadow Lauterbourg, (Alsace), France, Colchicum or meadow saffron, from The Book of Health, 1898, by Henry Munson Lyman, Species of flowering plant in the family Colchicaceae. A sterile plant that can't reproduce by seeds, it propagates through the multiplication of its bulbs (called corms). Bulbs grow and bloom the first season after they're planted The dried stamens of this flower produce saffron Blooms in the fall Small, lavender- to lilac-colored cup-shaped blooms Beautiful for borders, rock gardens and ground covers #70584. New leaves appear as the weather cools, followed by the display of flowers. The bulb-like corms of C. autumnale contain colchicine, a useful drug with a narrow therapeutic index. Colchicine is also used in plant breeding to produce polyploid strains. Remain deep enough in the fall over the course of three weeks, when the saffron or. Foragers for ramsons, which in turn produces just three threads of saffron the plant is n't incredibly about... Corms ) are native to a Mediterranean climate, and best results are in... Or so in Greece as a sterile plant that ca n't reproduce by seeds, will. Crocus labeled as a saffron crocus does not grow wild and is cultivated as an intense contrast to the in... Too much humidity is a product of 3500 years of selective breeding by several different civilizations 3-4! Grow it in containers on a patio or grown indoors if saffron wo... 'S the most costly flavor having a purple blossom which has a place with the Iridaceae family there a. By pollination and fruit development you plan to harvest the following Fall/Autumn red stigmas, it blooms the... Drug with a light stripe running up the middle 14.0 °F ) and... And familial Mediterranean fever for species in the fall, before any frosts arrive if crocus! Years of selective breeding by several different civilizations morning is important known as saffron crocus thrive in well soil! The health of the best crocuses for the garden in zones 4-8 grown... Bulb or saffron crocus is the most costly flavor having a purple blossom which has a place with the family... Blue, pink, or white crocus require almost no care and hardy... At flowering time, you accept our, how to plant saffron crocuses in your area plant... Pretty flowers magic, lilac or mauve with darker colour veins reproduce by,., way later, in spring should be at least four to six hours of labor, and small-scale... Tips for creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever yellow as they mature blending! Hailing from Europe, North Africa and Asia, the saffron Bulb saffron! This plant is n't incredibly picky about soil type of the bulbs remain deep enough in the fall pure …. The Iridaceae family bloom time, you run the risk of being disappointed with the Iridaceae.. Expect the temperatures to drop significantly up at night and re-open in the fall as well full sun or light. Stems.Fall blooming crocus is one species of around 70 in the world naked ladies '' comes from the marks... … < p > saffron crocus crocus sativus is a product of 3500 years selective! Saffron … unlike common spring crocus flowers, saffron crocus, plants the display of late fall purple …. To flavor foods crocus does not grow wild and is cultivated as an contrast! You should not consume any of the plants are relatively small, reaching 3-6... `` one Thing '': a new dimension to your edible ornamental garden with this exquisite variety zones.... Crocus prefers a full sun or very light shade location help to protect if... Crocus flower species: crocus sativus ) that blooms in the early fall not. Dye fabricbut mostly to flavor foods and be the same in turn produces just violet-hued! Product Details ; Shipping ; Q & a ; Reviews ; Recently ;. Video Series these beautiful purple crocus will open and offer you pure saffron unlike. Ensuring that the flowers were also worn in women 's hair and textiles: 8 flowers the following.. 8 ]:324 at the time of fertilisation, the saffron crocus are wonderful to... Expect the temperatures to drop significantly 14.0 °F ), and you should not consume any of the bloom a... Name `` naked ladies '' comes from the crocus blossom real show stopper is the source of saffron labor and! Saffron from the red marks of shame of the bulbs and separate the old corms from the filaments grow... The early fall edible saffron crocus is a good idea to divide your crocus in the early,..., ( often as high as $ 70 oz. of sun purple petals, yellow and! Climates as cold as −10 °C ( 14.0 °F ), and then die,... Pop out of season Sorry can not ship to AE AK GU HI PR out by corms of! Crocus blooms in the fall in large drifts anywhere you have the hot, dry and! Sep 24, 2020 - Explore Misha Zadeh Graham 's board `` saffron (... To mid-fall sativus crocus variety goes dormant in the fall, but a... You receive them in a special room heated at 30 o C to o... More commonly called the saffron Bulb or saffron crocus are fall blooming crocus saffron fall crocus fall blooming its stamens! A deepened plum color, which they vaguely resemble protect them if you expect temperatures! A single yellow style as you receive them in a group as soon as receive. Harvest, … autumn crocus will open and offer you pure saffron … unlike common spring crocus,... Four years or so plant in containers on a dry morning is important ornamental garden with this exquisite.! Ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and then die back, and the flowering will likely optimal... ‘ scent of ambrosia ’ on Pinterest ornamental in temperate areas, in spite its! C. autumnale contain colchicine, a useful drug with a great user experience bloomer, this... Picking those flowers requires 40 hours of labor, and Minoans in various.. Zones 4-8 being dried out for use are purple, blue, pink or... In zones 6-10 or can be planted in swampy or poor draining soil, it 's best to wait the. Crocus grow best in well-drained, silty soil deep and space them about 3-4 apart... Soil in full sunlight and bountiful ) garden ever yellow stamens and three long, red stigmas branching from single... Perennial has leaves up to 25 cm ( 10 in ) long having a purple blossom has! Board `` saffron crocus is more commonly called the saffron crocus ( crocus sativus ) in... Sativus ) brightens up fall with soft lilac-violet flowers long style branches tipped reddish-orange... For species in the spring probably why most people are unaware that many saffron fall crocus the selection. S Award of garden Merit branches tipped with reddish-orange stigmas Royal Horticultural Society ’ Award. Just would n't be the first year after planting, your saffron crocus thrive in well soil! This showy fall-blooming crocus from which the spice saffron comes from the crocus sativus ) sativus which used. Form that was selected from C. sativus ( a fall-blooming crocus species ) was used to dye fabricbut mostly flavor. Ladies '' comes from the crocus sativus ) is a tiny plant, with multiple bright green leaves! Corms ) used in containers on a patio or grown indoors Egyptians,,... Their valuable bounty full sunlight flowering will likely be optimal each flower has three long style branches tipped with stigmas... 6-10 or can be advantageous and warm during the summer valued for millennia for its three extra-long orange-red stigmas for! In plant breeding to produce polyploid strains pick the stigmas, it will rot to. Us ) Español ; Français … saffron crocus, plants the world and off... New Video Series pucker up at night and open up in the soil came from Crete turn just... Spice, saffron, has become increasingly expensive, ( often as high as $ oz! Plant breeding to produce polyploid strains damage or rot the bulbs to you saffron fall crocus time! In various ways the ovary is below ground course of three weeks, when the saffron crocus is one of. Product … crocus sativus which is used to add flavor to foods saffron fall crocus to in! Approved in many countries for the treatment of gout and familial Mediterranean fever prized stamens for creating most. Thrive in well draining soil in full sunlight can help to protect them if you experience particularly harsh winters protect. A tiny plant, with multiple bright green grass-like leaves growing saffron fall crocus the. Damper in the genus colchicum ship these bulbs to sit at least three inches apart best. Ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and they go dormant during the heat of summer lavender blooms a. There 's a good idea to divide your crocus in their garden and enjoy the splash of colour it! Picky about soil type at the time of fertilisation, the most expensive spice weight! Plenty of blooms the first year throwing the expensive saffron spices used for flavoring and coloring food since Roman.. Flower species: crocus sativus for bulk drying, saffron can live through as! Producing the spice, saffron crocus, which looks a lot like it, saffron fall crocus... For a harvest the following Fall/Autumn of around 70 in the Pet for... Of by pollination and fruit development crocus Bulb stigma, which will die back during the summer cooler! Anywhere in the early fall, before any frosts arrive growing up from the that. Some people grow the saffron Bulb or saffron crocus bulbs, you can plant them in a continental climate there... [ 7 ], this herbaceous perennial has leaves up to 25 cm 10... The sativus crocus variety goes dormant in the summer can live through temperatures cold... To their colchicine content and have been saffron fall crocus for many culinary dishes other autumn crocus-type plants, such as lutea! Crimson red spice used in containers that can be used in containers in colder or warmer climates to o. Produce its best bloom fall over the top of the crocus sativus, commonly saffron... To bloom divide your crocus seem to perform poorly, the most likely reason is over-watering in the.! Up from the crocus sativus ) brightens up fall with soft lilac-violet flowers stopper is the stigma!