[109] The Paddy Processing Research Centre (PPRC), which later became the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology in 2017, is a hub for food processing research. 1 ; kaveri. This station managed by the Northwest Washington Field … [22], Thanjavur is located at 10°48′N 79°09′E / 10.8°N 79.15°E / 10.8; 79.15[23] The tributaries of river Cauvery, namely, the Grand Anaicut canal (Pudhaaru), Vadavaaru and Vennaaru rivers flow through the city. [113], Electricity supply to Thanjavur is regulated and distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB). Soil is fertile and highly suited for cultivation. In modern times, these paintings have become souvenirs of festive occasions in South India, wall decors, and collectors' items for art lovers.[50][51]. Nandikeswara temple (Thirumazhapadi) Though the Thiru kalyanautsavams in temples are for the main deity, in Thirumazhapadi, an ancient Sivasthalam a few miles west of Thiruvaiyaru, the wedding of Nandikeswara, is celebrated with zest in the month of Panguni. Share 1. Download preview. Government and private buses operate frequently between the two bus termini and other towns and villages like Vallam, Budalur, Mohamed Bunder, Nadukkavery, Pillaiyarpatti, Vallam Pudursethi, Sengipatti, Ammapettai, Mariamman Kovil, Thiruvaiyaru and Kuruvadipatti. Stock Photos; Editorial; Illustrations; Videos; Audio; Free Photos; Blog; Sign up for FREE or Sign in. Which of the following is an example of a temple town? [115], About 110 metric tonnes of solid waste are collected from Thanjavur every day by door-to-door collection and subsequently the source segregation and dumping is carried out by the sanitary department of the Thanjavur Corporation. It is located 380 kms, from the Capital of Tamil Nadu, Chennai. It is the district headquarters by the same name. The Thanjavur district level police administration is headed by a Deputy Inspector General of Police, whose office is located in the city. Melathiruppanthuruthi is situated in the bank of Kudamurutti river, a tributary of the Kaveri, is one of the five sacred rivers flows in Thiruvaiyaru Thanjavur District. [25] The North-East monsoon is beneficial to the district at large because of the heavy rainfall and the Western ghats (mountain ranges) feeding the river Cauvery. Brahadeeswara Temple Photo by Raj, CC BY 2.0 The functions of the municipality are devolved into six departments: General, Engineering, Revenue, Public Health, Town planning and the Computer Wing. Under the British, Thanjavur emerged as an important regional centre. While Hindus form the majority, the city also has a substantial population of Muslims and Christians. Major cities near Thanjavur, India. [31] The onset of summer is from March, with the mercury reaching its peak by the end of May and June. The number was increased to 18 in 1879 and 24 in 1883. [36] The walls of the sanctum are covered with wall paintings from the Chola and Nayak periods. The UNESCO World Heritage Site. [120] The corporation operates three markets, namely the Serfoji Market, Amarar Swaminathan Market and Kamaraj Market and another market, the Subramaniya Swami Koil Market, is maintained by the Subramania Swami Temple authority. One hears the bells of the Rajarajeshvara temple built by King Rajaraja Chola. The river actually benefits from dry weather, which causes algae to bloom in parts of it. Roman Catholics in Thanjavur are affiliated to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tanjore and Protestants are affiliated to the Trichy–Tanjore Diocese of the Church of South India. One hears the bells of the Rajarajeshvara temple built by King Rajaraja Chola. Christian Missionaries played a prominent role in promoting English education in Thanjavur. Address: Vennar river Bank, Pali Agraharam, Thanjavur Location: Located 3 km away from Thanjavur city. The region around present day Thanjavur was conquered by the Mutharayars during the sixth century, who ruled it up to 849. The architect Kunjaramallan Rajaraja Perunthachchan: The perennial river Kaveri flows near this beautiful town. [47], Sathaya Thiruvizha is the annual birthday festival of Raja Raja Chola held during October every year. [14] Thanjavur was eventually annexed along with the rest of the Chola kingdom by the Pandya king Maravarman Kulasekara Pandyan I (1268–1308) in 1279 and the Chola kings were forced to accept the suzerainty of the Pandyas. The city has an elevation of 59 m (194 ft) above mean sea level. There is a lot of agricultural related trading that forms the key economic activity in the city. Location: Located on the bank of Cauvery river near Tanjore Accessibility: Trichy Airport: 91.0 KM, Kumbakonam Railway Station: 4.0 KM. NH-36: Manamadurai - Sivaganga - Pudhukottai - Thanjavur - Kumbakonam - Panruti - Vikravandi. The kingdom was eventually absorbed into British India in 1855 by the Doctrine of Lapse when Shivaji II (1832–55), the last Thanjavur Maratha ruler, died without a legitimate male heir. List of educational institutions in Thanjavur, Periyar Maniammai Institute of Science & Technology, Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology, "Scope of digital mapping exercise in city likely to be enlarged", "Station: Tanjavur Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Agricultural Contingency Plan of District Thanjavur", "National Agricultural developmental program – District agricultural plan of Thanjavur district", https://eparlib.nic.in/bitstream/123456789/1455/1/lsd_02_01_31-05-1957.pdf, "South zone cultural centre to celebrate silver jubilee soon", "World Heritage Sites – Chola Temple – Brihadisvara", "A stickler for tradition in Tanjore painting", "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Thanjavur", "Census Info 2011 Final population totals", "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu", "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI", "Passengers demand new train from Thanjavur to Chennai on mainline", "Cancellation and partial cancellation of trains from December 4", "Thanjavur Air Force base to be a major one soon", "Delay in Completion of Strategic Air Force Projects", "IAF's Modernisation Projects' 75% Completion By 2022: Air Chief Marshal Browne", "IAF to modernise, raise four more Su-30MKI squadrons", "Mayor of Thanjavur Municipal Corporation", "Deputy Mayor of Thanjavur Municipal Corporation", "General Elections to Lok Sabha, 2014, name and address of the elected members of parliamentary constituencies in Tamil Nadu", "Commissionerate of Municipal Administration", "Thanjavur to be upgraded as City Municipal Corporations", "Map showing the new assembly constituencies", "Tiruvarur gifts highest-ever victory margin to Karunanidhi", "General Elections to Lok Sabha, 2009, name and address of the elected members of parliamentary constituencies in Tamil Nadu", "Key highlights of the general elections 1952 to the First Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha", "Transforming a rice bowl into a food processing hub", "Students throng Passport Seva Kendra in Tiruchi and Thanjavur", Conversion of City Corporate Plan into Business Plan, Trichy-Tanjore Diocese of the Church of South India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thanjavur&oldid=1000035059, Articles with dead external links from January 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [103] R. Venkataraman, who served as the President of India from 1987 to 1992, was elected from the Thanjavur Lok Sabha constituency in the 1951 elections. Ekoji founded the Thanjavur Maratha kingdom which ruled Thanjavur till 1855. Free topographic maps visualization and sharing. During 1875 it was converted to a meter gauge line (MG line). 17: the Skykomish River will cause flooding from near Index downstream through Sultan to the Snoqualmie. [65], The railway line connecting Tiruchirappalli Junction railway station to Chennai Egmore via Thanjavur, the Main Line is a historical line established by South Indian Railway Company in 1879. [107][108], Thanjavur has a total of 15 arts, science & management colleges and nine engineering colleges. [44] It has a collection of plants, animals and birds and serves as a zoo for children within the city. Explore similar videos at Adobe Stock … Thanjavur is located at 10°48′N 79°09′E / 10.8°N 79.15°E / 10.8; 79.15 The tributaries of river Cauvery, namely, the Grand Anaicut canal (Pudhaaru), Vadavaaru and Vennaaru rivers flow through the city. Photo about Outside the city runs a clean river in which ducks swim. a. Ajmer b. Thanjavur c. Berar d. Delhi Q.2. List of all villages and towns in Thanjavur Taluka of Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu. ... South, and Middle Forks of the Snoqualmie River. [111] St. Peter's Higher Secondary School at Thanjavur was established by Rev. The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport, located at a distance of 56 km (35 mi). [46] Bharathanatyam, a classical dance form of South India, had its major styles developed in Thanjavur. Top Things to Do in Thanjavur, Thanjavur District: See Tripadvisor's 3,189 traveller reviews and photos of 57 things to do when in Thanjavur. Thanjavur is also known as the ‘Rice Bowl of India’ and is also considered to be one of the leading cultural head-quarters of the region. Thanjavur is situated in the Cauvery delta, at a distance of 314 km (195 mi) south-west of Chennai and 56 km (35 mi) east of Tiruchirappalli. An approximate time-scale of Thanjavur rulers. Get Thanjavur River Map, showing all rivers flowing in district from start to end location also see the places situated at bank of rivers. Inside is a massive Shiva linga. The city name "Thanjavur" seems to be derived from the name of a Mutharayar king "Thananjay" or "Dhananjaya". [54] The total rice production has been maintained at 10.615 L.M.T and 7.077 L.M.T. [66] The Great South Indian Railway Company (GSIR) operated a broad gauge rail service between Nagapattinam and Tiruchirapalli via Thanjavur between 1861 and 1875. Which river flows near the city of Thanjavur ? Thanjai is considered to be the granary and 'rice bowl' of Tamil Nadu. [32], Thanjavur is an important pilgrim centre and a major tourist destination of Tamil Nadu. both rationally and individually. Ideal River View Resort: Our favourite haunt in Thanjavur - See 853 traveler reviews, 557 candid photos, and great deals for Ideal River View Resort at Tripadvisor. While the plains immediately adjoining the Cauvery river have been under cultivation from time immemorial, most of Thanjavur city and the surrounding areas lie in the "New Delta" – a dry, barren upland tract which was brought under irrigation during the early 19th century. The Maratha rulers patronized Carnatic music. Thanjavur is an important center of South Indian religion, art, and architecture. It lies in the Kaveri (Cauvery) River delta, about 30 miles (50 km) east of Tiruchchirappalli. Ideal River View Resort A little out of town but well kept and quiet. Thanjavur.. Wikipedia. Thanjavur is also home to Tanjore painting, a painting style unique to the region. Since 1983, Thanjavur has been a special grade municipality. Thanjavur is situated in the Cauvery delta, at a distance of 314 km (195 mi) south-west of Chennai and 56 km (35 mi) east of Tiruchirappalli. [37][38][39] The temple was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. Parisutham a perfectly adequate hotel with a nice pool area and good food. [110] The Saraswati Mahal Library which dates back to the end of the 16th century and the Central Library, managed by the district administration are the two most prominent libraries in the city. [21] Modern day Thanjavur railway junction has three rail heads leading to Tiruchirapalli, Kumbakonam and Thiruvarur. Kalamalla stone inscription (the first stone inscription) was done by Renati Chola king Erikal Muthuraju Dhanunjaya Varma of 575 CE[citation needed] According to local legend, the word Thanjavur is derived from "Tanjan", an asura (giant) in Hindu mythology who was killed in what is now Thanjavur by the Hindu god Neelamegha Perumal, a form of Vishnu. The per ennial river Kaveri flows near this beautiful town. [84] Thanjavur became City Corporation on February 19, 2014. The River Flows In A Small Park Near The Old Town Stock Image - Image of depositstockphoto, blue: 128279051. There are three seasons for agriculture in Thanjavur – Kuruvai (June to September), Samba (August to January) and Thaladi (September, October to February, March). The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). A big city usually has a population of at least 200,000 and you can often fly into a major airport. NH-136: Thanjavur - Ariyalur - Perambalur. Thanjavur is believed to have been conquered by Kampanna Udayar during his invasion of Srirangam between 1365 and 1371. The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport, located 59.6 km (37.0 mi) away from the city. [41], The Saraswathi Mahal Library, established around 1700 and located in the premises of the palace, contains over 30,000 Indian and European manuscripts written on palm leaf and paper. travel in our imagination to Thanjavur, the capital of the Cholas, as it was a thousand years ago. [41] The Rajaraja Chola art gallery is located inside the palace – it has a large collection of stone and bronze images from the ninth to 12th centuries. Telugu, Thanjavur Marathi and Saurashtra are other languages spoken in the city. NH-83: Nagapattinam - Thiruvurur - Mannargudi - Thanjavur - Thiruchirappalli - Dindigul - Palani - Pollachi - Coimbatore. [58] As per the religious census of 2011, Thanjavur (M) had 82.87% Hindus, 8.34% Muslims, 8.58% Christians, 0.01% Sikhs, 0.01% Buddhists, 0.06% Jains, 0.11% following other religions and 0.01% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference. [8][16] Sevappa Nayak (1532–80), the Vijayanagar viceroy of Arcot, established himself as an independent monarch in 1532 (1549, according to some sources) and founded the Thanjavur Nayak kingdom. These temples, mostly dating from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries are of special significance for the following reason. Flooding will occur all along the river including headwaters...tributaries...and other streams within and near the Skykomish River Basin. [105] Some special units include prohibition enforcement, district crime, social justice and human rights, district crime records and a special branch that operates at the district level police division headed by a Superintendent of Police (SP). The British referred to the city as Tanjore in their records. According to Homer's Odyssey, Cocytus, whose name meant "River of Lamentation," is one of the rivers that flow into Acheron; it starts out as a branch of River Number Five, the Styx. The city is a major manufacturer of pith works consisting of models of Hindu idols, mosques, garlands and other bird figurines. Class-7 » Social Science. Thanjavur is connected by rail with most important cities and towns in India. Raja Raja Chola II built it in the 12th century, and it stands out because of its magnificent detailed sculptures. In the early 1990s, Thanjavur was connected with Chennai via the Vayudoot flight service, which was stopped due to poor patronage. 0 ; Kaveri and palavar. The major occupation of the inhabitants of the city is tourism and service-oriented industry, while the traditional occupation is agriculture. [57], According to 2011 census, Thanjavur had a population of 222,943 with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. [122] The Regional Passport office, Trichy, operates a Passport Seva Kendra (PSK) in Thanjavur, which PSK covers the Nagappattinam, Thiruvarur, Thanjavur, Pudukkottai, and Ariyalur revenue districts. Thanjavur formerly known as Tanjore, is a city in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu and is located near the banks of Kaveri River. Alternatively, Indian Railways operates a train from Tambaram to Thanjavur 3 times a day. Click on the town or village name to get complete details such as Population, Caste, Religion, Literacy, Sex Ration data. All these banks have their automated teller machines located in various parts of the city. River Flows Below The Old Town. Royalty-Free Stock Photo. Brihadeeswarar Temple is known as the Big Temple, it is one of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India & … [8][9] During the first decade of the eleventh century, the Chola king Raja Raja Chola I (985–1014) constructed the Brihadeeswarar Temple at Thanjavur. [114] Water supply is provided by the Thanjavur Corporation from the Vadavar Canal, supplied through overhead tanks located in various parts of the city. According to the legends, Airavata, the white elephant of Lord Indra worshipped Lord Shiva here to get freed from the curse of sage Durvasa. [41] When most of the Thanjavur Maratha kingdom was annexed by the British Empire in 1799, the Thanjavur Marathas continued to hold sway over the palace and the surrounding fort. [60], As of 2008, a total 2,013.34 ha (4,975.1 acres) (55.4%) of the land was used for residential, 11.32 ha (28.0 acres) (3.06%) for commercial, 82.68 ha (204.3 acres) (2.28%) for industrial, 320.2 ha (791 acres) (8.81%) for public & semi public, 108.11 ha (267.1 acres) (2.98%) for educational and 996.85 ha (2,463.3 acres) (27.47%) for agriculture. [106] The Tamil University is a state run institute, started during 1981 and obtained its statutory recognition from the University Grants Commission in 1983. Thanjavur (or 'Thanjai' or 'Tanjore') is 342 km from Chennai the capital of the state Tamil Nadu, India. [48] Thanjavur is the base for the Tyagaraja Aradhana, a Carnatic music festival held annually during January – February at Thiruvaiyaru, located 13 km (8.1 mi) away from the city. Thanjavur is located at 10.8°N 79.15°E The tributaries of river Cauvery, namely, the Grand Anaicut canal (Pudhaaru), Vadavaaru and Vennaaru rivers flow through the city. The villages Pudupattinam, Nanjikottai, Neelagiri, Melaveli, Pillaiyarpatti, Ramanathapuram, Pallieri, Vilar and Inathukanpatti are likely to be added to the municipal corporation limits. Thanjavur is located at 10.8°N 79.15°E [24] The tributaries of river Cauvery, namely, the Grand Anaicut canal (Pudhaaru), Vadavaaru and Vennaaru rivers flow through the town. Complete details of Population, Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio in tabular format. [20], Thanjavur was successfully conquered in 1674 by Ekoji I (1675–84), the Maratha feudatory of the sultan of Bijapur and half-brother of Shivaji (1627/30-80) of the Bhonsle dynasty. [25], Fall of yellow rain reeking of burning sulphur on the 24th May, 1957, in a village near Tanjore. C.V. Schwartz of the Danish Mission. It was originally constructed by the rulers of the Thanjavur Nayak kingdom and after their fall, it served as the official residence of the Thanjavur Marathas. [36][40], The Thanjavur Maratha palace was the official residence of the Bhonsle family who ruled over the Thanjavur region from 1674 to 1855. There are daily express trains to Chennai, Mysuru, Ernakulam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Coimbatore, Erode, Tiruppur, Tiruchirapalli, Salem, Karur, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Rameswaram, Tiruchendur, Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Viluppuram, Chengalpattu, Mannargudi, Bengaluru, Dindigul, Pudukkottai, Karaikudi, Sivagangai, Manamadurai and weekly trains to Pondicherry, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari, Tirupati, Nellore, Itarsi, Visakhapatnam, Hubli, Vasco da Gama, Goa, Vijayawada, Chandrapur, Nagpur, Jabalpur, Satna, Katni, Allahabad, Varanasi, Jaunpur, Ayodhya, and Bhubaneswar. To maximise agricultural produce, organic farming is being implemented. The river Cauvery divides into many branches and wet land at Thanjavur, the Cauvery is one of the major tributaries of river Cauvery which passes through at near of the town Thanjavur. There are frequent passenger trains from the city to towns like Thiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Karaikal, Tiruchirapalli, Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai and Nagore.[67][68][69]. Tamil is the widely spoken language, with the standard dialect being Central Tamil dialect. Thanjavur, Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu, 613001, India (10.78603 79.13815). Apart from telecom, BSNL also provides broadband internet service. [70] Thanjavur Air Force Station was to become a major air base by 2012, to handle Fighter, Transport aircraft and also refuelling aircraft. [104] There are six police stations in the city, one of them being an all-women police station. [8][11] The Marathas exercised their sovereignty over Thanjavur throughout the last quarter of the 17th and the whole of the 18th century. Thanjavur District is one of the 38 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. Organic farming is gradually becoming known to the farmers of Thanjavur. 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